Best Practices

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7.2 Best Practice -I


1. Title of the Practice: Making  SEEDBALLS –One of the best practice
 

2. Goals: Students will learn a new method for dispersing seeds that has both artistic and historical value.
 
3.    Objectives: i) Students will create seed balls.
 
ii) To spread greenery in minimum expenditure and hence a very good idea to develope nature.

4. Context: Seedballs- the seedbomb making is the consistent activity of Zoology Dept from the year 2018-19 and 2019-2020.  In the year 2017-18 the students of the final year of zoology department has made 200 seed balls. In the year also (2018-19) the Dept has worked over making 500 seerdballs. All the students of B.Sc III were involved in making these seedballs. The Seed Ball programme focuses on increasing green cover across India. The process involves making golf ball-sized mixture of soil, seeds and compost, and scattering it in suitable places for trees to grow.

Among many initiatives to improve green cover, making and distributing seed balls is a quicker and cost-effective method to reclaim the lost green cover of our environment. Hence, it is an emerging afforestation technique adopted worldwide; the most commonly used for ecological restoration. The composition of seed ball makes it self-sustainable and favorable for germination in most environments.

The forest Dept of Arni and the social forest Dept provides us different types of seed. This year they gave us 10 different types of medicinal seeds like Amala, Almond, Neem, Hirda etc.  And the student of B.Sc III also collected the seed  ofMango,Berry etc.“The participants managed to create about 900 seedballs. Of these, we shall be giving 300 seddballs to Social Forest Dept Arni, 200 to Forest Dept Arni, 200 to ForestDept Digras, for its upcoming sapling plantation drive in July and onwards.”

The remaining seed balls had been given to the participants for distributing in the places around their native places.
Make balls of seeds that are both fun to throw and an easy way to grow native trees. We invite volunteers of all age groups to contribute towards nature. From school students, college students to working professionals, all are welcome to join this campaign started by Lt.RajkamaljiBharti Arts Commerce and Smt.S.R.Bharti Science ColegeArni  . And do not just stop with yourself – motivate your neighborhood to join this.
Apart from making the seedballs in the college campus the faculty is also serving for the society by involving in the workshop at different places and at different college in collaboration with the forest dept. In the month of July the faculty was engaged in the workshop held at BhavaniTekdi,Digras. Here the program was started with the plantation with the RFO forest dept, Digras the faculty gave the theoretical explanation to the Anganwadisevikaon the seedballs and how to throw them so that they can be easily germinate.
The students of  Mohnabai girls school Digras were given the Demo on the making of the seedballs. At the Dateycollgyavatmal the students of Geography dept. were given the Demo of seed ball the students made the seedball by using the seeds provided to them.

Practice: The faculty and the students of B.Sc III are involved in the simple steps process of seed ball making.
1) Take the clay, different types of medicinal seeds and the dry compost and water.
2)Mix assorted seeds, dry organic compost, and dry clay together in a large bin.
2. Mist or pour a small amount of water onto the bin while continuing to mix. Spray or add just enough water so that the mixture binds together but does not stick to your hands.
3. Take a pinch of the finished mixture and roll into penny-sized round balls in the palm of your hand. 4. Put seed balls on a tray to completely dry  for a day or two.
4)Store in a dark, dry place  throw seed balls into the garden. Water to allow seeds to germinate

Evidences of success: The response of the activity is overwhelming every year. It has not only proved itself to be fruitful in bringing the awareness about the importance of conservation and protection of forest but also develop an eye sight of using the seeds of fruits and develop them into new plant..
·       The students learnt to make the use of seed instead of throwing them.
·       The seedballs made and planted by us got 905% of germination rate thus helps for the reforestation.
 
Resources Required:
·       There is requirement of seeds so as to make large number of seed balls .
·       More faculty and students are required to make large number of seedballs.
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Best Practice -II

TITLE OF THE PRACTISE : ASSESSMENT OF ABIOTIC PARAMETERS OF DRINKING WATER OF ARNI, DIST-YAVTAMAL

Water  also essential for healthy growth to form carps, and farm stock and is used in the manufacture of many products. It is most IMP that the water which people drink & use for other purpose is clam water this means that the water must be free of germs & chemical and be clear water that is safe for drinking is called potable water.
                              Drinking Water is essential to human and other life forms even through it provide no calories or organic nutrients.Water has improved over the last decades in almost every part of the world but approximately one billion people still black access to adequate sanitation.

OBJECTIVES OF THE PRACTICE :

The water analysis project was conducted in Arni. The sampling sites were selected in a random manner so as to come up with results. For the analysis of different parameters of drinking water, water sample collected from tap (piped), shallow and deep wells, tube wells used for domestic purposes in Arni. 
—  Assessment of the drinking water quality of communities within the area of the project i.e. Arni region.
—  Identification of any significant threats to groundwater or drinking water resources from project area.
—  Attain water quality standards in drinking water to meet designated beneficial uses.
—  Suggestion for Protection and improvement of water quality within the area of the Project.
 
THE CONTEXT :

Sources of water :
There are many ways by which we get  water.
1)   Surface water : The water which falls on the ground as rain or hill this water collected from a special area called as catchment. The water is then stored in natural or artificial barrier called dam or reservoirs.
2)   River or lakes: Town water supplies are sometime drawn directly from nearby rivers or lake.
3)   Springs: These are found where underground water flows out of the ground naturally without flows out of the ground naturally without the use of bores well or pump spring often occur forwards the bottom of a hill or on sloping ground.
4)   Excavated Damps: These damps are made by scooping out soil to make a large shallow hole. These damps are sometimes placed at bottom of slope to aid water collection.
5)    Rainwater Tanks: The rainwater which falls on the roofs of houses is often collected using poof guttering leading through a pipe to a storage tank.
6)    Bores and Wells : These are holes drilled into ground deep enough to permanent body water. A pipe ran down the hole into water and pump is used to get the water up to ground levels.
Relationship of water and health :
—  The relation ship between water quality and health problems are complicated and include both negative and positive effects.
Availability of pure water :
—  The availability of good quality of water is an indispensable feature for preventing diseases and improving quality of life.
Assessment is necessary :
—  It is necessary that the quality of drinking water should be checked at regular intervals.

THE PRACTICE :
The analysis of water parameters  are based on samples collected from 4 different  region of Arni. Five samples are taken from each region or site. The main purpose is studying drinking water quality in terms of different parameters including temperature, pH, TDS and DO.  The results were then compared with the drinking water quality standards from WHO.
SITE A: – Gandhi nagar Area
SITE B :- Shivaji Nagar Area
SITE C :- Shashtri Nagar Area
SITE D :- Green Park Area
Tap water, well water, tube well water sample were collected and stored in suitable bottles to permit accurate analysis. The sample details were adequately described and the sample bottles were properly labeled to avoid errors. Water temperature and pH were recorded at the time of sample collection by using thermometer and digital pH meter. And others parameters such as TDS and DO are measured in laboratory by using water analysis kit.

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PROBLEMS ENCOUNTERED AND RESOURCES REQUIRED
Inadequate Sanitation :
—  Regularly monitoring water quality is helpful of identifying existing problems, but any issues that could emerge in the future can not be understood previously.
—  Peoples are not aware about the effect of contaminated water.
—  Water has improved over the last decades in almost every part of the India but one large community still back access to adequate sanitation.
Improper uses of water :
—  People  uses water for cooking, bathing, washing clothes & utensils, watering to plant in garden & parks, but more quantity of pure water flow away without use due to lack of water management.
Social responsibility :
—   It’s social responsibility to educate people and aware them about pure drinking water to be used otherwise community has to face critical problem of health.
NORMAL RANGE OF PARAMETERS
•         pH  Lower limit -6.5 -Upper limt-8.0
•         DO : Above 3 mg/lit.
•         TDS : Excellent less than 300 , Good 300-500, Fair 600-900, Poor 900- 1200, Unacceptable Above 1200.